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Dwarf Vs Midget Vs Pygmy : What’s the Difference?

Dwarf Vs Midget Vs Pygmy : What’s the Difference?

Dwarfism is a condition where a person has short stature, generally standing between 4’10” and 5’3″. Midgetism is a condition where a person is shorter than average but not dwarfism, typically standing between 3’9″ and 4’11”. Pygmyism is a rare condition in which someone is very short, typically standing no taller than 3’0″.

“Dwarf,” “midget,” and “pygmy” are terms that have historically been used to describe people of shorter stature, but they have different connotations and implications:

What is a Dwarf?

“Dwarf” is a term often used in medical contexts to refer to individuals with a medical condition called dwarfism, which is characterized by short stature resulting from a genetic or medical condition.

Dwarfism encompasses various conditions that result in short stature, such as achondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, and spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDc), among others.

People with dwarfism typically have normal-sized torsos but shorter arms and legs, as well as other physical characteristics associated with their specific condition.

What is a Midget?

The term “midget” is considered outdated and offensive by many people within the dwarfism community and beyond.

Historically, “midget” was used to describe individuals of short stature, but it is now widely regarded as derogatory and disrespectful.

It is important to avoid using the term “midget” and instead use more respectful language, such as “person of short stature” or simply “dwarf.”

What is a Pygmy?

“Pygmy” refers to various ethnic groups characterized by their short stature, particularly in comparison to other ethnic groups.

Pygmy populations are found in various regions of Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America.

The term “pygmy” is used to describe these populations in anthropological and ethnographic contexts and is not typically associated with medical conditions like dwarfism.

It’s important to note that using “pygmy” to describe individuals with dwarfism can be inaccurate and disrespectful, as it conflates ethnicity with a medical condition.

Characteristics of Dwarves, Midgets, and Pygmies

Dwarves are the tallest and stockiest of the three groups. They are also the most agile and have larger feet and hands than the other two groups.

Midgets are typically shorter than dwarves but have proportionately larger heads and bodies.

Pygmies are the shortest of all three groups, with proportions that resemble those of humans.

Differences in Size Between Dwarves, Midgets, and Pygmies

Dwarves measure only up to 3 feet in height and weigh anywhere from 60-120 pounds. Midgets are a bit taller at around 4-5 feet and weigh between 110-180 pounds. Pygmies, the smallest of the three, are typically only about 2-3 feet tall and weigh around 30-50 pounds.

All three races have similar body proportions: long torso, short legs, and small head. Their skin is usually dark brown or black, their hair is usually brown or black, and their eyes are green or blue.

The main difference between dwarves, midgets, and pygmies is their muscle mass. Dwarves have the least amount of muscle mass, while midgets have the most. Pygmies have even more muscle mass than dwarves, which helps them move quickly and easily. Midgets also have more muscle mass than pygmyes, giving them better endurance and strength. All three races have good stamina because they keep moving even when it is difficult.

Pros and Cons of Having a Dwarf, Midget, or Pygmy Pet

Dwarves, midgets, and pygmies are all small animals. They have different pros and cons to consider if you’re thinking about getting one as a pet.

Dwarves are the smallest of the three, and they make great pets for people who like to collect small animals. They’re also good candidates for families with children because they’re not too loud and they get along well with other pets.

Midget and pygmy pets are also popular choices for people who want a small animal but don’t want a dwarf or a pygmy. They’re quieter than dwarfs and pygmies and they don’t cost as much, making them an affordable option for some pet owners.

However, midgets and pygmies may not be as friendly with other animals as dwarves or dogs, so you should research your choice before you get one.


In summary, while “dwarf” is a term used in medical contexts to describe individuals with dwarfism, “midget” is considered offensive and should be avoided. “Pygmy” refers to specific ethnic groups characterized by short stature and is not interchangeable with “dwarf” or “midget.” Respectful and accurate language is essential when discussing matters related to human diversity and medical conditions.